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High Blood Pressure: What It Is, Measurement, Symptoms and Treatment

A reliable estimation shows that almost one out of every three persons in America is suffering high blood pressure. The measurement of the amount of force that the flow of blood exerts on the arteries is known as blood pressure. During the day, blood pressure goes up and comes down depending on an individual’s activity levels and other factors such as eating habits.

But, when blood pressure rises and remains that way, the condition is known as high blood pressure. One of the deadly things about hypertension is that someone may not know he or she has it. Therefore, regular blood pressure checkup is the best way to determine whether you have high blood pressure, especially if the condition runs in the family line.

High Blood Pressure Measurement

Another name for high blood pressure is hypertension. The numbers employed in measuring blood pressure are based on the diastolic and systolic pressures of the human blood; the former measures the force of blood flow on the arteries’ walls between heart beats as the heart goes into a relaxed state, while the latter measures the force of blood flow against the arteries’ walls as the heart beats. And, the systolic pressure measurement is usually the number on top while the diastolic stays on the bottom – e.g. 110/70 (healthy blood pressure). Anyone can develop high blood pressure regardless of gender, race and age.

Symptoms

People with high blood pressure may likely be experiencing the following symptoms:

• Severe headache
• Vision issues
• Fatigue
• Difficulty in breathing
• Irregular heartbeat
• Pain on the chest
• Pounding in the neck, chest or ears
• Blood in the urine

Treatment

Luckily, high blood pressure can be treated, as well as prevented. There are vast medication options for lowering high blood pressure. In addition, change in lifestyle such as healthy low-fat diet, regular exercise, consuming minimal sodium and alcohol, plus maintaining a healthy body weight will also lower the risk of hypertension.

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